Izganjanje mačizma na Harvardu

Še en Follow up na članek o ženski emancipaciji: prejšnji vikend je bil zelo vroč na ameriških forumih zaradi objave članka v New York Timesu o eksperimentu Harvard Business School (HBS), da bi izgnali mačizem iz najbolj prestižne poslovne šole na svetu. Na HBS so z afirmativno akcijo šli tako daleč, da so uvedli stenografe pri predavanjih in izpitih, da bi dvignili “kulturni nivo” diskusije in zmanjšali možnost subjektivnosti pri ocenjevanju. Uvedli so dodatna izpopolnjevanja za ženske po predavanjih, odpovedali so se metodi “študij primerov” itd. Naloga je bila precej težka – streti je bilo treba moški odpor do “intruzivnega socialnega inženiringa“, pa tudi ženski avtomatizem prilagajanja moškim pričakovanjem glede obnašanja in oblačenja.

Po treh letih je težko reči ali je eksperiment uspel in ali je vsaj HBS postal bolj prijazen kraj za ženske. Toda vsaj študijski rezultati so se nekoliko popravili – letos se je delež žensk med top 5% študentov HBS iz 20% povečal na skoraj 40%.

Spodaj je nekaj izvlečkov iz članka v New York Timesu. Priporočam pa, da preberete še forum, ki prinaša nekaj zelo grozljivih zgodb o moškem mačizmu na večini ameriških poslovnih šol.

The country’s premier business training ground was trying to solve a seemingly intractable problem. Year after year, women who had arrived with the same test scores and grades as men fell behind. Attracting and retaining female professors was a losing battle; from 2006 to 2007, a third of the female junior faculty left.

Some students, like Sheryl Sandberg, class of ’95, the Facebook executive and author of “Lean In,” sailed through. Yet many Wall Street-hardened women confided that Harvard was worse than any trading floor, with first-year students divided into sections that took all their classes together and often developed the overheated dynamics of reality shows. Some male students, many with finance backgrounds, commandeered classroom discussions and hazed female students and younger faculty members, and openly ruminated on whom they would “kill, sleep with or marry” (in cruder terms). Alcohol-soaked social events could be worse.

But in 2010, Drew Gilpin Faust, Harvard’s first female president, appointed a new dean who pledged to do far more than his predecessors to remake gender relations at the business school. He and his team tried to change how students spoke, studied and socialized. The administrators installed stenographers in the classroom to guard against biased grading, provided private coaching — for some, after every class — for untenured female professors, and even departed from the hallowed case-study method.

By graduation, the school had become a markedly better place for female students, according to interviews with more than 70 professors, administrators and students, who cited more women participating in class, record numbers of women winning academic awards and a much-improved environment, down to the male students drifting through the cafeteria wearing T-shirts celebrating the 50th anniversary of the admission of women. Women at the school finally felt like, “ ‘Hey, people like me are an equal part of this institution,’ ” said Rosabeth Moss Kanter, a longtime professor.

And yet even the deans pointed out that the experiment had brought unintended consequences and brand new issues. The grade gap had vaporized so fast that no one could quite say how it had happened. The interventions had prompted some students to revolt, wearing “Unapologetic” T-shirts to lacerate Ms. Frei for what they called intrusive social engineering. Twenty-seven-year-olds felt like they were “back in kindergarten or first grade,” said Sri Batchu, one of the graduating men.

At the end of every semester, students gave professors teaching scores from a low of 1 to a high of 7, and some of the female junior faculty scores looked beyond redemption. More of the male professors arrived at Harvard after long careers, regaling students with real-life experiences. Because the pool of businesswomen was smaller, female professors were more likely to be academics, and students saw female stars as exceptions.

“The female profs I had were clearly weaker than the male ones,” said Halle Tecco, a 2011 graduate. “They weren’t able to really run the classroom the way the male ones could.”

Vir: New York Times

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