Nesrečna neenotna EU. Čas za korak nazaj?

S finančno krizo razmajana, z napačnim “hišnim redom” pahnjena v umiranje na obroke, z begunsko krizo, bodečo žico in mejnimi kontrolami razdeljena – nesrečna, neenotna in nesolidarna EU. V času razcveta imajo pretežne koristi samo nekateri, v času krize pa vsak sam zase rešuje probleme, ki jih ni povzročil. EU je de facto razpadla na nacionalne prafaktorje. Je čas tudi za formalni korak nazaj, v čas pred evro (1999) in pred enotni trg “s štirimi svobodami” (1992)?

Prejkoslej, si bodo voditelji ali pa volilci v posameznih državah morali postaviti ključno vprašanje: Slabi zakon z nesrečnimi partnerji in z “War of the Roses” koncem ali ločeni partnerji (z le nekaj skupnimi pravili obnašanja), ki se spoštujejo?

Thanksgiving as we know it dates not to colonial days but to the middle of the Civil War, when Abraham Lincoln made it a federal holiday. It is, in other words, a celebration of national unity. And our national unity is indeed something to be thankful for.

To see why, consider the slow-motion disaster now overtaking the European project on multiple fronts…, in each case Europe’s ability to protect itself turns out to have been undermined by its imperfect union.

On the financial crisis: There’s widespread consensus among economists (though not, alas, among politicians) that Europe’s woes were mainly caused by mood swings among private investors, who recklessly poured money into southern Europe after the creation of the euro, then abruptly reversed course a decade later. Yet something similar happened in America, too, where money first poured into mortgage lending in the “sand states” — Florida, Arizona, Nevada, California — then took flight. In the U.S., however, the pain of that reversal was limited by federal institutions, ranging from Social Security to deposit insurance. In Europe, unfortunately, the cost of bank bailouts and much more fell on national governments, so that private-sector overreach soon spilled over into fiscal crisis.

On refugees: the politics of immigration in general, and refugees in particular, are nasty everywhere… But Europe is also trying to maintain open internal borders while leaving the management of external borders to national governments like that of impoverished, austerity-ravaged Greece. No wonder, then, that border controls are making a comeback.

And on terrorism: No free society can ever be perfectly secure from attack. But think about how much harder it gets when antiterrorism is pretty much left up to national governments, whose capacity for policing varies greatly. …

Ideally, Europe would respond to these setbacks by strengthening its union, creating more of the institutions it needs to manage interdependence. But the political will for that kind of move forward seems lacking, even for the most obvious steps. …

The alternative is to take a step back, which is already happening on border controls. European leaders are, rightly, concerned that each such move damages the whole European project. But what is the realistic alternative?

The truth is that I don’t know the answer. I’m just thankful that America has the kind of unity Europe can only dream of — at least for now. I guess we’ll see what’s left after President Trump gets done with it.

Vir: Paul Krugman

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