Ozadje grškega “nesporazuma” ali kako so Grčijo prisilili v izstop

Tole je še eno nujno branje glede tega, kaj se je dejansko dogajalo prejšnji teden v Bruslju in zakaj je Tsipras sklical referendum, ko je bil dogovor vendarle le še “centimetre narazen”. Tudi jaz nisem imel pravih informacij in sem napačno, kritično ocenil grško ravnanje v pogajanjih. Mea culpa. Thomas Landon v New York Timesu zapolnjuje informacijsko luknjo in opisuje ozadje pogajanj v Bruslju in kako so Grčijo, bolj kot je popuščala, bolj silili v slab sporazum, ki bi še poglobil depresijo in zmanjšal vzdržnost dolga.

In ko je v zadnjem obupnem poskusu Varoufakis prosil Christine Lagarde, predsedujočo IMF, da potrdi, da je sedanji sporazum takšen, ki bo vzdržen, in ko Lagardova tega ni mogla potrditi, ji je Dijsselblom, predsedujoči evroskupine, vzel besedo, rekoč:

It’s a take it or leave it offer, Yanis

Spodaj je nekaj izsekov iz Landonovega opisa ozadja. Hvalabogu za New York Times.

Last Friday morning, the Greek prime minister, Alexis Tsipras, gathered his closest advisers in a Brussels hotel room for a meeting that was meant to be secret. All the participants had to leave their phones outside the door to prevent leaks.

A week of tense negotiations between Greece and its creditors was coming to an end. And it was becoming increasingly clear to the left-leaning prime minister that he could not accept the tough economic terms that his lenders were demanding in exchange for new loans.

As Mr. Tsipras paced and listened on the 25th floor of the hotel, his top aides argued that neither Germany nor the International Monetary Fund wanted an agreement and that they were instead pushing Greece into default and out of the euro.

The night before, at a meeting of eurozone leaders at the European Union’s headquarters, Mr. Tsipras had asked Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany about including debt relief with a deal, only to be rebuffed again.

This is going nowhere, the 40-year-old Greek leader said in frustration, according to people who were in the room with him. The more we move toward them, the more they are moving away from us, Mr. Tsipras said.

After hours of arguing back and forth about possible responses, Mr. Tsipras made a decision to get on a plane and go home to call a referendum, according to the people who were in the room.

Instead of bending as the deadline neared for Greece to make a payment of 1.5 billion euros to the I.M.F., Germany and the fund appeared to be hardening their positions.

On Wednesday night, Greece was presented with a counterproposal. At the behest of the I.M.F., the tax increases had been reduced and, crucially, the government was told that it needed to increase value-added taxes on hotels.

Moreover, several requests by the Greeks to discuss debt relief had been rejected — you need to agree to reforms first, they were told.

But Mr. Varoufakis persisted on the issue of Greece’s staggering debt load, ignoring the admonitions of Mr. Dijsselbloem and others.

Then Mr. Varoufakis turned on Christine Lagarde, the French director of the I.M.F.

Five years ago, the fund had given its blessing to the first bailout, doling out loans alongside Europe despite internal misgivings that Greece would be in no position to repay them.

Now the I.M.F. was pushing Greece to sign up to yet another austerity program to access more loans even though the fund had now concluded that their initial misgivings were correct: Greece’s debt was unsustainable.

I have a question for Christine, Mr. Varoufakis said to the packed hall: Can the I.M.F. formally state in this meeting that this proposal we are being asked to sign will make the Greek debt sustainable?

Yanis has a point, Ms. Lagarde responded — the question of the debt needs to be addressed. (A spokesman for the fund later said that this was not an accurate description of the exchange.)

But before she could explain, she was interrupted by Mr. Dijsselbloem.

It’s a take it or leave it offer, Yanis, the Dutch official said, peering at him through rimless spectacles.

Vir: Thomas Landon, New York Times

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