Pomen sreče pri “loteriji življenja” ali zakaj se splača imeti svet z več enakosti

Spodaj je briljantno razmišljanje Warrena Buffeta o tem, zakaj je postal progresivec, zakaj je demokrat in zakaj se zavzema za več enakosti. Ker je življenje loterija. Ali natančneje, ker preden se rodiš, ne veš, katero karto boš potegnil. Boš ženska ali moški, inteligenten ali manj inteligenten, bel ali črn, zdrav ali invaliden, rojen v Afriki ali Evropi… Če bi pred rojstvom lahko izbiral svet, v katerega bi se rad rodil, bi si izbral tistega, ki ti omogoča največjo verjetnost, da ti bo v življenju šlo dobro. To pa je svet večje enakosti, kjer boš, tudi če nisi imel sreče “pri žrebu”, imel več možnosti za enake štartne pogoje ali da bo socialna država poskrbela zate, če ti iz objektivnih razlogov ne boš tega sposoben.

My political views were formed by this process.  Just imagine that it is 24 hours before you are born. A genie comes and says to you in the womb, “You look like an extraordinarily responsible, intelligent, potential human being. [You’re] going to emerge in 24 hours and it is an enormous responsibility I am going to assign to you — determination of the political, economic and social system into which you are going to emerge. You set the rules, any political system, democracy, parliamentary, anything you wish — you can set the economic structure, communistic, capitalistic, set anything in motion and I guarantee you that when you emerge this world will exist for you, your children and grandchildren.

What’s the catch? One catch — just before you emerge you have to go through a huge bucket with 7 billion slips, one for each human. Dip your hand in and that is what you get — you could be born intelligent or not intelligent, born healthy or disabled, born black or white, born in the US or in Bangladesh, etc. You have no idea which slip you will get. Not knowing which slip you are going to get, how would you design the world? Do you want men to push around females? It’s a 50/50 chance you get female. If you think about the political world, you want a system that gets what people want. You want more and more output because you’ll have more wealth to share around.

The US is a great system, turns out $50,000 GDP per capita, 6 times the amount when I was born in just one lifetime. But not knowing what slip you get, you want a system that once it produces output, you don’t want anyone to be left behind. You want to incentivize the top performers, don’t want equality in results, but do want something that those who get the bad tickets still have a decent life. You also don’t want fear in people’s minds — fear of lack of money in old age, fear of cost of health care.  I call this the “Ovarian Lottery.”

My sisters didn’t get the same ticket. Expectations for them were that they would marry well, or if they work, would work as a nurse, teacher, etc. If you are designing the world knowing 50/50 male or female, you don’t want this type of world for women — you could get female. Design your world this way; this should be your philosophy. I look at Forbes 400, look at their figures and see how it’s gone up in the last 30 years. Americans at the bottom are also improving, and that is great, but we don’t want that degree of inequality. Only governments can correct that. Right way to look at it is the standpoint of how you would view the world if you didn’t know who you would be. If you’re not willing to gamble with your slip out of 100 random slips, you are lucky! The top 1% of 7 billion people. Everyone is wired differently. You can’t say you do everything yourself. We all have teachers, and people before us who led us to where we are. We can’t let people fall too far behind.

Vir: Warren Buffet, Business Insider

One response

  1. Tukaj se Buffet poslužuje, hote ali nehote, filozofije pravičnosti ameriškega pravnega filozofa Johna Rowls-a. Domet uporabe te filozofije v ekonomiji ZDA, zaradi njihove fundamentalistične svobodnjaške miselnosti, še ni bil preizkušen. Njen potencial je odvisen predvsem od tega ali bi se ameriška večina v primeru uporabe socialističnih ekonomskih prijemov, ki nujno sledijo iz te vrste razmišljanja, obnašala kot skandinavci, ali kot balkanci. Glede na njihov primanjkljaj bi sklepal na slednje.
    Domet te filozofije v Sloveniji se je iztrošil že v bivši jugi. Mi bomo nujno morali najti filozofijo, ki bo upoštevala našo mentaliteto. Vse deklarativno zaklinjanje na spoštovanje pravne države, solidarnost in poštenje nam pri tem ne bo prav nič pomagalo, saj pod kožo ostajamo enaki. Na eni strani preziramo državo in neobzirno raje “grabimo” zase in za svoje, na drugi strani smo pregovorno zavistni. Nihče se ne bo spremenil zato, ker mu politiki ali mediji prigovarjajo k temu. Ljudje se spremenimo samo zaradi notranje ali zunanje nuje in ni nujno, da se spremenimo na bolje. Pozivi v stilu “ukradli so nam državo”, davčni pogrom nad bogatimi, “začetek delovanja pravne države” v stilu revolucionarnih sodišč in podobno, čeprav jim velika večina aplaudira, Slovence le oddaljuje od rešitve. Slovenija je tudi statistično zelo egalitarna država, primerljiva s skandinavskimi. Problem je le v tem, da smo mi enaki v revščini, oni pa so enaki v bogastvu. Trendi, ki smo jim priča prilivajo olje na ogenj naše pregovorne fovšiji. Pa ne, da bi želel opravičevati tajkunske kraje, bog ne daj spodbujati, a povzdigovati enakost, čeprav je to morda pravi trend za ZDA, v Sloveniji ne bo obrodilo sadu. Slovenija je država, ki ravno zaradi egalitarne miselnosti nikoli ni zmogla ustvariti resne akumulacije iz svojih preteklih vlaganj še manj je bila sposobna privabiti omembe vreden tuj kapital. Smo celo prehransko odvisni od uvoza, da ne omenjam energentov in drugih surovin, kar pomeni, da če hkrati z upravičenim lovom na ukradeno premoženje, ne bomo nujno postrigli peruti sindikatom se bomo še naprej gibali v zakleti spirali, katere sleherni zavoj nam bo prinesel novo negativno presenečenje.

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