Svarila, da hkratna dezinflacijska politka zahodnih centralnih bank s simultanim dvigovanjem obrestnih mer, vodi v katastrofo se močno krepijo. S temi deznflacijskimi politikami, ki so absolutno napačen odgovor na ponudbeno-poganjano inflacijo, globalno gospodarstvo drsi v recesijo. Močan dolar in povišane obrestne mere pa države v razvoju, ki so izpostavljene kreditom v dolarjih, lahko pripeljejo v katastrofalno dolžniško krizo, kot smo jo doživeli v začetku 1980-ih. V nekaj nadaljevanjih bom objavil mnenja ekonomistov, ki izražajo skepso do nadaljevanja sedanje dezinflacijske poliitike centralnih bank. Spodaj je mnenje Claudie Sahm, nekdanje raziskovalke Fed in avtorice znanega indikatorja za zgodnje odkrivanje recesije (t.i. Sahm rule; vidite ga lahko v spodaj v eni izmed slik).
Today’s post is an investor talk I gave on October 13, 2022. Warning: it’s a dark one, as it should be. The world is moving rapidly to a dangerous place.
- Downward pressure on future U.S. inflation is mounting from many sources.
- The U.S. recession will likely be mild; Europe’s severe; China’s growth stagnant.
- Why will it likely be milder in the United States? The strong labor market.
- Fedspeak is starting, albeit too slowly, to be open about the global risks.
INFLATION! INFLATION! INFLATION
Consumer price inflation will come down in the United States, but it may not be soon enough to stop the Fed. The Fed must pick its head up and look at the data! Unlike last summer when a false hope that the vaccines would kill Covid—then came delta, Omicron, and a mind-numbing string of variants—and glimmers of supply chain easing caused a head fake on transitory inflation. Now we see a myriad of forces that will push down inflation. Taken together, they will be a lot of downward pressure. It’s uncertain how long it will take, but it will happen.
First, let’s level set the sources of inflation. Repeat after me: Covid and Putin are the roots of all evil. Today is not like the 1970s; it’s more like 1918. A pandemic and a war in Europe are calamities beyond living memory.
Central banks worldwide are justifying reckless tightening—fast and large increases in interest rates—with the specter of inflation expectations becoming “unanchored,” that is, people expecting inflation to be persistently high. It’s insane, especially in Europe. Central banks are on track to tank the global economy in the United States and abroad, causing immense human suffering and potentially undermining the war efforts on a fear that is nowhere in sight.
Now here are many sources of disinflation coming toward the U.S. economy.
We’re not in a recession but may get there. Two-quarters of a decline in GDP this year is not enough, especially given its drivers. The labor market is strong. No recession!
JOBS! JOBS! JOBS!
The bright spot is the U.S. labor market. Despite the Fed’s best efforts to cool it off in its ‘war on workers,’ we are adding jobs every month, people are getting raises, and there are opportunities for workers to get ahead in their careers. Now, it is not invincible. We sure better hope the labor market is as strong as the Fed complains it is when the full effect of the rate hikes hits the economy next year.
Faint glimmers of a pause at the Fed
I am a hopeful person. I believe the Fed will do the right thing, though the window is closing fast for it to matter. They must slow down, if not stop now. The U.S. economy will not withstand a severe European recession and stagnant growth in China. It will take time to come back to the United States, but it will. The Fed knows it will.
We finally see the Fed start to plant the seeds of a pause. The most encouraging was Vice-Chair Lael Brainard’s speech last Monday, and it’s important to hear it come from her. Read the entire speech.
Hopeful-me expects 50 basis points at the Fed’s next meeting in early November. Realistic-me expects 75. Even so, big, new trouble overseas and any seizing up in U.S. financial markets will get you 50 or maybe even 0. I want the Fed to stop and be patient, but I don’t want to see the world events that would make it happen.
The world is bad and will worsen at home and abroad before it gets better. I am not panicking. That is never productive. I am very worried, as are many economists I know, including former Fed officials, skilled real-world business economists, and several top academics. It’s time for the Fed to do the right thing and slow down too much is on the line if it doesn’t.
Vir: Claudia Sahm (ex-Fed)