Ne strinjam se z zaključkom, da “given the existential challenges of climate change and environmental degradation, a ‘sustainable capitalism’ seems as impossible to me as ‘democratic socialism’ seemed to Kornai.” Ključna prednost kapitalizma pred ostalimi družbenimi sistemi je v njegovi prilagodljivosti. Vedno se adaptira na nove pogoje, v vsem najde tržno priložnost, kar ga poganja naprej. In globalno segrevanje je ena največjih poslovnih priložnosti za kapitalizem.
Kapitalizem lahko v tem procesu spreminja barve kot kameleon, vendar še vedno ostaja kuščar. Kuščar, ki prek omogočanja delovanja profitnega motiva daje prostor za delovanje in zaslužek, s tem pa prostor za vedno nove inovativne pristope. Prav slednje pa prek nenehnega spreminjanja kapitalizmu omogoča dolgotrajno eksistenco in prevlado nad drugimi sistemi, ki so potolkli zasebno pobudo za zaslužek oziroma inovativnost.
János Kornai recently died at the age of 93. He was a Hungarian economist noted for his analysis and criticism of the command economies of Eastern European communist states. He was widely acclaimed in Western academic circles. He eventually joined the faculty of Harvard University and was on the board of the Hungarian Central Bank after the Soviet Union collapsed. The prominent Sovietologist Alec Nove describes Kornai’s work as “a masterly presentation of the nature of the functioning of the Soviet-type system, and an equally masterly explanation of the failure of attempts to reform it.”
Kornai began his intellectual analysis of ‘socialism’ as a committed Marxist. But he became disillusioned with the Hungarian system of a planned economy after the repression of the Hungarian revolution of 1956. In his 1980 book, Economics of Shortage, perhaps his most influential work in mainstream economic circles (and among leftists), he argued…
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