Slabi časi za anti-liberalce iz Vzhodne Evrope

Spodaj je nekaj glavnih poudarkov iz članka v Wall Street Journalu. Slabi časi se obetajo za anti-liberalne populiste iz nekdanjega komunističnega bloka. Mar ni zanimivo, da je ta anti-liberalni moment dobil domovinsko pravico prav v nekdanjih komunističnih državah? Samo tam so populistični trdorokci, ki jih motijo osnovne človekove pravice in svoboščine, svoboda medijev ter neodvisnost sodišč in državnih institucij, tudi prevzeli oblast. Najbrž zaradi pomanjkanja demokratične tradicije, kjer si tudi ljudje, ki te anti-liberalne trdorokce volijo, želijo tršo roko in vladavino prava jemljejo kot prepočasen, neučinkovit ali “nepravičen” način uveljavljanja njihov želja. Nekatere države pač še niso zrele za demokracijo.

Obstaja kakšna boljša razlaga za ta fenomen?

Prav zato so bile vzhodnoevropske države sprejete v EU, da pospešijo svojo transformacijo iz nedemokratičnega v demokratični sistem. Čeprav so morale bodoče članice pred vstopom demonstrirati, da spoštujejo vladavino prava (to je bil eden izmed “Kopenhagenskih pogojev” za članstvo, sprejetih junija 1993). Vendar očitno tovrstna hitra transformacija iz enega v drug institucionalni sistem ni možna. Kljub vsem stotinam milijard, ki jih zahodne članice EU (v zameno za dostop na trge vzhodnih članic) plačujejo v obliki EU transferjev novim članicam. Ta “clash” med Zahodom in Vzhodom Evrope ne bo tako hitro izginil, je pa dobra novica Trumpov poraz in da vsaj ZDA tovrstnega anti-liberalnega populizma v vzhodni Evropi ne bodo več podpihovale.

No, in tudi v Sloveniji se bomo – sami –  znali postaviti na pravo stran zgodovine.

A day after the Nov. 3 U.S. presidential election, Slovenia’s right-wing Prime Minister Janez Jansa became the first—and only—world leader to publicly declare that Donald Trump had won. Since then, he has been busy retweeting unsupported theories about alleged electoral fraud.

In Estonia, Interior Minister Mart Helme and his son, Finance Minister Martin Helme, leaders of a far-right party in the Baltic country’s ruling coalition, blasted President-elect Joe Biden as corrupt, asserted that the “deep state” had stolen the U.S. election and talked about Mr. Trump winning back power in a civil war.

In Poland, meanwhile, President Andrzej Duda, whose own re-election in July was boosted by a last-minute official visit to the White House, merely congratulated Mr. Biden on a “successful presidential campaign,” saying he is awaiting a decision by the Electoral College. Polish government TV routinely portrays the outcome of the U.S. election as potentially fraudulent.

These reactions show the split between the powerhouse countries of Western Europe, which are cheering Mr. Biden’s victory, and the geopolitically weaker nations of the east, where many supported Mr. Trump.

While Mr. Trump often tangled with Germany or France over climate change, trade or defense, he forged a bond with several leaders in the continent’s east, where his brand of politics was embraced by homegrown nationalist and populist movements.

These movements gained ground in the region well before Mr. Trump’s 2016 victory: Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban has been in power for 10 years, steadily tightening his grip on the media, civil-society institutions and the judiciary. Poland’s Mr. Duda was first elected in 2015.

But with Mr. Trump in the White House, they were buoyed by the sense of being part of a winning global trend. Mr. Trump validated leaders the Europe’s west had tried to ostracize, visiting Warsaw during his first presidential visit to Europe and calling for a joint effort against forces that seek to “erase the bonds of culture, faith and tradition that make us who we are.”

Mr. Biden’s victory has now put the region’s nationalists on the defensive. “They have lost a close ally who shared their values and spread anti-liberalism,” said Robert Biedron, a center-left European Parliament member who ran against Mr. Duda in this year’s Poland’s presidential elections. “The Trump effect won’t work anymore because he’s now a loser.”

The change in the White House comes as Poland and Hungary are locked in a confrontation with the rest of the European Union over the bloc’s demand that financial aid be conditional on respect for the rule of law. Such a stipulation would force Hungary and Poland to roll back purges of their courts and government media to access EU money for roads, trains and schools.

Vir: Wall Street Journal

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