Tako izgleda naiven (javni) pogled Javierja Solane, nekdanjega poveljnika Nata na problem islamskega fundamentalizma. Pozablja, da sta Al Kaida in ISIS ameriška kreacija. In pozablja, da če gre za res pravi islamski fundamentalizem, bo tega hudiča, ki so ga Američani spustili iz steklenice, težko spraviti nazaj.
Spet bo treba brati Alamuta, izjemno delo Vladimirja Bartola. Zgolj z namenom razumevanja, s čim lahko imamo opravka.
A religion is not only a belief system; it is also an institution, a language, and even a kind of market actor, competing for supporters. Radical terrorist groups attempt to consolidate their distorted version of “true” Islam as the only institution, imposing their language to win the entire Muslim market.
Today, groups like the Islamic State and Nigeria’s Boko Haram have joined Al Qaeda in a struggle to attract Muslims from all over the world, thereby securing their leadership in global jihad. These groups take advantage of unruly environments and weak or collapsing institutions to gain a territorial foothold.
Indeed, it was the failed transitions in Syria, Libya, and Yemen after the Arab Spring revolts that fueled the Islamic State’s emergence. Millions of young people, though disillusioned by decades of social paralysis, unemployment, and brutal dictatorships, had dared to expect better. Though Tunisians have made progress, the other affected populations, like many Muslim immigrants in Europe, have had their hopes shattered.
Jihad, like any other reductionist political program, is capable of seducing a wide variety of people. The attribute they almost always share is a sense of futility or a lack of purpose.
The West must recognize that, as Afghanistan and Iraq have shown, conflict in the Arab world cannot be resolved through foreign military intervention. The only way to restore order and spur progress in the region is by empowering moderate Muslims, so that they can triumph over the forces of radicalism and violence. The West’s role is to identify them and offer them acceptance and support. This lesson should be applied both abroad and at home.
Vir: Javier Solana, Project Syndicate