Slavoj Žižek na zanimiv način razloži, zakaj je Grčijo treba držati v dolžniškem razmerju kot načinu podreditve. S konceptom superega razloži sadistične užitke EU/Nemčije ob tem, ko žrtev (objektivno) ne more izpolnjevati zahtev. Na drugi strani pa govori tudi o nizkotni primitivnosti širše javnosti, ki mirno sprejme milijarde (tisoče milijard) odpisa dolga bankam in njihovega reševanja z davkoplačevalskim denarjem (do česar je prišlo zaradi ekscesnega in goljufivega ravnanja bankirjev), na drugi strani pa ima težave sprejeti odpis dolga do Grčije, zaradi katerega je padlo v humanitarno krizo in v nevarnost revščine milijone ljudi.
As we all know, EU policy towards heavily indebted countries like Greece is one of “extend and pretend” – extending the payback period, but pretending that all debts will eventually be paid. So why is the fiction of repayment so stubborn? It is not just that this fiction makes debt extension more acceptable to German voters; nor is it that the eventual write-off of the Greek debt may trigger similar demands from Portugal, Ireland, and Spain. The true reason is simply that those in power do not really want the debt to be fully repaid. The true goal of lending money to the debtor is not to get the debt reimbursed with a profit, but rather the indefinite continuation of the debt that keeps the debtor in permanent dependency and subordination.
A decade or so ago, Argentina decided to repay its debt to the IMF ahead of time (with the financial help from Venezuela), and the reaction of the IMF was surprising: instead of being glad that it got its money back, the IMF (or, rather, its top representatives) expressed their worry that Argentina would use its new freedom and financial independence from international financial institutions to abandon tight financial policies and engage in careless spending… Debt is an instrument to control and regulate the debtor, and as such, it strives for its own expanded reproduction.
The ongoing EU pressure on Greece to implement austerity measures fits perfectly what psychoanalysis calls the superego. The superego is not an ethical agency proper, but a sadistic agent, which bombards the subject with impossible demands, obscenely enjoying the subject’s failure to comply with them. The paradox of the superego is that, as Freud saw clearly, the more we obey its demands, the more we feel guilty. Imagine a vicious teacher who assigns his pupils impossible tasks, and then sadistically jeers when he sees their anxiety and panic. This is what is so terribly wrong with the EU demands/commands: they do not even give Greece a chance – Greek failure is part of the game.
As if they did not suffer enough, the Greeks are victims of a campaign which mobilizes the lowest egotist instincts. When they talk about writing off part of the debt, our media present this as a measure which will hurt ordinary taxpayers, pitting the lazy and corrupt Greeks against the hard-working ordinary people in other countries. In Slovenia, my own country, those who sympathize with Syriza were even accused of national treason… So when, back in the 2008 financial breakdown, big banks became insolvent, it was okay for the state to cover their losses by spending trillions (of taxpayer money, of course), but when a whole people finds itself in misery, the debt should be paid.
Vir: Slavoj Žižek, Potemkin Review