Nujna je sprememba ekonomskega kurikuluma

Aleš Praprotnik

Britanski The Guardian v nedavnih člankih pokriva iniciative za spremembo in prevetritev ekonomskih kurikulumov v Veliki Britaniji, ki povečini temeljijo na ortodoksnih neoklasičnih teorijah in izključujejo drugače misleče akademike in teoretske vidike. Razlog za spremembe tiči v kritikah na račun neoklasičnih kurikulumov in pristopov, ki so povečini popolnoma spregledali pojav največje finančne krize v zgodovini, saj so ignorirali vpliv finančnih trgov in se zanašali na zastarele teorije. Phillip Inman piše, da projekt (ki ga je začel Institute for New Economic Thinking) vodi Wendy Carlin z University College London in da se nekatere univerze že zanimajo za nov učni načrt, ki bo med drugim vseboval ekonomsko zgodovino, nasprotne teorije, pa tudi okoljsko ekonomijo:

A new first year curriculum will be available from the start of the 2014 academic year which will include an in-depth review of economic history and a look at the way financial markets can undermine economic stability.

Carlin, an economics professor at University College London, who heads the project, said several universities had expressed an interest in adopting the new curriculum, including Sydney, Warwick and UCL.

Speaking at a conference hosted by the Treasury, Carlin said students needed to debate conflicting theories of how economies work and understand that while markets often are successful, they sometimes fail.

She said some academics argued that reforms should take the form of “nicer, smarter, cooler examples of the real world”, but a more fundamental overhaul was needed to give students a deeper and broader understanding of the subject.

Medtem, ko se študentje z Manchesterske Univerze pritožujejo, da v študiju dominira matematično modeliranje, ki temelji na napačnih teorijah, in želijo temeljito spremembo učnih načrtov, pa Michael Joffe z Imperial Collega iz Londona ugotavlja, da bi se dobilo precej učnega prostora, če bi akademiki uspeli priznati, da so mnoge teorije preprosto napačne:

Students at Manchester University, who formed the post crash economics society earlier this year, have complained that their course is dominated by mathematical modelling based on out-dated theories.

Professor Michael Joffe, an economist at Imperial College, said space could be made in the curriculum if academics could admit that many theories were “plain wrong” and should not be taught.

Študentom se pridružujejo tudi akademski ekonomisti, ki ugotavljajo, da državna telesa in agencije financirajo študijske programe predvsem na podlagi števila objav v akademskih revijah, kjer pa dominirajo predvsem neoklasične. Akademiki menijo, da tak sistem spodbuja predvsem ‘intelektualno monokulturo’ in ne iskanje resnice:

Students can now complete a degree in economics without having been exposed to the theories of Keynes, Marx or Minsky, and without having learned about the Great Depression.

. . .

There exists a vibrant community of pluralist economists in the UK and elsewhere, but these academics have been marginalised within the profession. The shortcomings in the way economics is taught are directly related to an intellectual monoculture, which is reinforced by a system of public university funding (the Research Excellence Framework and previously the Research Assessment Exercise) based on journal rankings that are heavily biased in favour of orthodoxy and against intellectual diversity.

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