Noah Smith je prejšnji teden poskrbel za precej reakcij s svojim člankom o tem, da ne razume, zakaj so ženske v ekonomiji pri napredovanju zapostavljene, čeprav dosegajo enake (ali boljše) rezultate kot moški pri znanstvenih objavah. Je to zato, ker je ekonomija primat konzervativne ideologije in torej tisti, ki vstopijo na to področje, s seboj prinesejo tudi “konzervativne vrednote” in seksizem?
(O tem problemu sem pred časom že pisal v Prekletstvu ženske emancipacije in Zakaj ženske ne napredujejo? Premalo samopromocije)
There is quantitative evidence showing that economics is uniquely biased against women. According to a new paper by economists Donna Ginther and Shulamit Kahn and psychologists Stephen Ceci and Wendy Williams, sexism in econ is much more severe than in the sciences.
The authors investigate many kinds of gender bias. One thing they do is compare academic productivity (publications) to outcomes (promotion and tenure), and examine whether gender makes a difference. They find that once you control for productivity, men and women have the same outcomes in most academic fields — other than economics.
The authors also find evidence of gender bias in economists’ salaries — the only field in which the gap was statistically significant after controlling for productivity.
So the quantitative evidence is solid — econ has a sexism problem.
Why? Frankly, I don’t know the reason. It could be because of economics’ historical identification with conservative politics. Some economists still explicitly believe that when it comes to economics, the “facts have a well-known conservative bias” — as my old macroeconomics teacher once wrote on his blog. This widespread notion has attracted many smart young conservatives to the profession, and they may have brought their social conservatism with them. That general attitude of social conservatism may have acted as a kind of barrier, which no longer exists in other parts of academia, limiting opportunities for women in economics.
Vir: Noah Smith